Kamis, 21 Februari 2013

CONTOH NEWS ITEM DAN PENJELASANNYA


Sukhoi pilot ‘violated’ regulations
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Thu, 05/10/2012 2:26 PM

The pilot who flew the Russia-made Sukhoi Super Jet 100 violated height clearance requirements set for airplanes flying near obstacles like buildings, towers or mountains, a pilot says.

“I can’t help but wonder myself, why did the pilot ask to descend to 6,000 feet? That’s a violation of the minimum obstacle clearance altitude [MOCA]. In that location, the minimum clearance is around 11,000 feet,” pilot Ronny Rosnadi, who has flown over 33,000 hours, said Thursday as quoted by kompas.com. “I strongly believe the accident was caused by human error.”

“The plane was supposed to descend to a lower altitude only when the plane neared a point south of Pangandaran beach. That’s much safer.”

The Sukhoi Super Jet is a brand-new passenger aircraft reportedly equipped with advanced warning facilities, including Minimum Obstacle Clearance Altitude (MOCA), Minimum Off Route Altitude (MORA), and Tactical Airborne Warning System (TAWS) with the new version of Ground Proximity Warning System (GPW).

MOCA is a system designed to inform pilots of the minimum altitude the aircraft must maintain within a certain radius of a specific location.

Rosnadi said the pilot might have been in an unstable condition while flying the jet.

“He could have been overconfident, or just fatigued,” said the former Merpati Nusantara Airlines pilot.

“The pilot was doing a promotional flight and that’s tiring.”

Rosnadi said a downdraft, a strong wind that blows during seasonal changes, might have been another possible cause of the plane crash.

“Or maybe the pilot’s vision was blocked by a thick fog that prevented him from seeing anything coming ahead of him,” Rosnadi said.

However, he said that it was unlikely that weather factors were the main cause of the crash as many airplanes had used that route before.

The plane, which carried 45 passengers onboard, was flying at the height of 10,000 feet when the pilot requested for permission reportedly from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport’s Air Traffic Control to descend to 6,000 feet.

The plane lost contact on Wednesday afternoon, one hour after taking from Halim Perdanakusuma Airport in East Jakarta. It was found in the foothills of Mt. Salak in Sukabumi, West Java, at 9:15 a.m. on Thursday.
Rescue teams are trying to reach to the scene to establish the condition of the flight’s 45 passengers, and to rescue any survivors. (nat/mtq)

The generic sructure :
ü  Newsworthy Events:
The pilot who flew the Russia-made Sukhoi Super Jet 100 violated height clearance requirements set for airplanes flying near obstacles like buildings, towers or mountains, a pilot says.
ü  Background items:
“I can’t help but wonder myself, why did the pilot ask to descend to 6,000 feet? That’s a violation of the minimum obstacle clearance altitude [MOCA]. In that location, the minimum clearance is around 11,000 feet,” pilot Ronny Rosnadi, who has flown over 33,000 hours, said Thursday as quoted by kompas.com. “I strongly believe the accident was caused by human error.”
ü  Sources:
Rosnadi said the pilot might have been in an unstable condition while flying the jet.
“He could have been overconfident, or just fatigued,” said the former Merpati Nusantara Airlines pilot.
“The pilot was doing a promotional flight and that’s tiring.”
Rosnadi said a downdraft, a strong wind that blows during seasonal changes, might have been another possible cause of the plane crash.
“Or maybe the pilot’s vision was blocked by a thick fog that prevented him from seeing anything coming ahead of him,” Rosnadi said.
However, he said that it was unlikely that weather factors were the main cause of the crash as many airplanes had used that route before.


ü  The participants:

The pilot who flew the Russia-made Sukhoi Super Jet 100
The former Merpati Nusantara Airlines pilot.
45 passengers onboard
Rescue teams

ü  The authorities/expert :
Pillot Ronny Rosnadi
Department of aviation
Police
Department of Transportation
International Airport Air Traffic Control

ü  The witness :
Residents around Mt. Salak

ü  The local residents:
Residents around Mt. Salak

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features :
1. Focus on The Pilot of Sukhoi Superjet 100

2. Use action verbs
Say, trying, reach, fly, taking .

3. Use Past Tense

Why did the pilot ask to descend to 6,000 feet?
Rosnadi said the pilot might have been in an unstable condition while flying the jet.
Rosnadi said a downdraft, a strong wind that blows during seasonal changes, might have been another possible cause of the plane crash.

Passive voice :

“The plane was supposed to descend to a lower altitude only when the plane neared a point south of Pangandaran beach. That’s much safer.”
It was found in the foothills of Mt. Salak in Sukabumi, West Java, at 9:15 a.m. on Thursday.
“He could have been overconfident, or just fatigued,” said the former Merpati Nusantara Airlines pilot.

Simple Past  Continous:
The plane, which carried 45 passengers onboard, was flying at the height of 10,000 feet when the pilot requested for permission reportedly from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport’s Air Traffic Control to descend to 6,000 feet.
Rescue teams are trying to reach to the scene to establish the condition of the flight’s 45 passengers

Simple Present Tense:

The Sukhoi Super Jet is a brand-new passenger aircraft reportedly equipped with advanced warning facilities, including Minimum Obstacle Clearance Altitude (MOCA), Minimum Off Route Altitude (MORA), and Tactical Airborne Warning System (TAWS) with the new version of Ground Proximity Warning System (GPW).

MOCA is a system designed to inform pilots of the minimum altitude the aircraft must maintain within a certain radius of a specific location.

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